Machine learning aims to imitate how humans learn. Developing a disciplined AI engineering process is key. Dr. Together, we will not just predict the future, but create it. Data transmission bandwidth and task response delay: In a mobile scenario, while training over a large amount of data, machine learning tasks indeed require shorter response delays. AI-powered cybersecurity tools also can collect data from a company’s own transactional systems, communications networks, digital activity and websites, as well as from external public sources, and utilize AI algorithms to recognize patterns and identify threatening activity – such as detecting suspicious IP addresses and potential data breaches. To quantize the Boltzmann machine, the neural network can simply be represented as a set of interacting quantum spins that correspond to an adjustable Ising model. This explosion of real-time data that is emerging from the physical world requires a rapprochement of areas such as machine learning, control theory, and optimization. at UG Level in Emerging Areas. Shri Prakash Javadekar Minister of Human Resource and Development ... have a better human-machine interface. But it can be easy to lose sight of the forest for the trees when it comes to trends in the development and use of AI and ML technologies. It studies how agents take actions based on trial and error, so as to maximize some notion of cumulative reward in a dynamic system or environment. Apply For the Managed Service Providers 500, Apply For Next-Gen Solution Provider Leaders, Dell Technologies Storage Learning Center, Symantec Business Security Learning Center, Dell Technologies World Digital Experience 2020, the creation of external AI ethics boards. Now that simple and elegant natural laws are prevalent, could we devise a computational method that can automatically discover the mathematical laws governing natural phenomena? That’s where AI, machine learning models and deep learning technology come in, using “learning” algorithms and models, along with data generated by the automated system, to allow the system to automatically improve over time and respond to changing business processes and requirements. AI is the most important general technology in this era, with machine learning the most important focus within AI. « Previous: 3 Currently Deployed Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Tools for Cyber Defense Operations Page 31 Share Cite Suggested Citation: "4 Adversarial Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Research and Development and Emerging Areas." When will this learning process terminate? automation, which, when combined with artificial intelligence or machine-learning systems, will enable autonomous discovery of novel alloys and process routes. The field of machine learning is sufficiently young that it is still rapidly expanding, often by inventing new formalizations of machine-learning problems driven by practical applications. Machine learning algorithms build a model based on sample data, known as "training data", in order to make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed to do so. In contrast, rational humans tend to reply on clear and trustworthy causality relations obtained via logical reasoning on real and clear facts. Machine learning will make sense of the security threats your organization faces and help your staff focus on more valuable, strategic tasks. Many of the learning algorithms that spurred new interest in the field, such as neural networks , are based on decades old research. The focus of machine learning is to mimic the learning process of human beings: learning patterns or knowledge from empirical experiences, and then generalizing to similar new scenarios. Emerging trends. In 2015, Pinterest acquired Kosei, a machine learning company that specialized in the commercial applications of machine learning tech (specifically, content discovery and recommendation algorithms). The Internet of Things has been a fast-growing area in recent years with market researcher Transforma Insights forecasting that the global IoT market will grow to 24.1 billion devices in 2030, generating $1.5 trillion in revenue. AlphaGo is based on deep convolutional neural networks and reinforcement learning. When trying to deploy newly developed AI systems and machine learning models, businesses and organizations often struggle with system maintainability, scalability and governance, and AI initiatives often fail to generate the hoped-for returns. GDPR gives an individual the right to obtain an explanation of an automated decision, such as an automatic refusal of an online credit application. Michael S. Gazzaniga, a pioneer researcher in cognitive neuroscience, has made the following observation from his influential split-brain research: “[the brain] is driven to seek explanations or causes for events.”. This was the first time a computer Go program had beaten a 9-dan (highest rank) professional without handicaps. The following areas of potential risks and harms were identified in relation to the development, ... the regulatory framework will need to evolve in tandem to address the associated emerging risks. Deep Learning (convolutional neural network) & Machine learning (support vector machine) Rapid diagnosis of COVIDâ19 patients: China: 92%: The study used a small sample which might affect the generalizability of the model. In March 2016, AlphaGo, a computer program that plays the board game Go, beat Lee Sedol in a five-game match. Transfer learning is a hot research topic in recent years, with many problems still waiting to be solved in this space. Improvisational learning, in contrast, assumes that the world is full of exceptions. But, is the world predictable? What some are calling “Artificial Intelligence of Things: (AIoT) could redefine industrial automation. Unique industry intelligence, management strategies and forward-looking insight delivered bi-monthly. But IHS says AI use will expand to create “smart homes” where the system learns the ways, habits and preferences of its occupants – improving its ability to identify intruders. It is in fact a broad field constituted of many disciplines, ranging from robotics to machine learning. Before we discuss that, we will first provide a brief introduction to a few important machine learning technologies, such as deep learning, reinforcement learning, adversarial learning, dual learning, transfer learning, distributed learning, and meta learning. For the fields such as medical treatment, nuclear, and aerospace, understanding the supporting facts of decisions is a prerequisite for applying machine learning techniques, as explainability implies trustworthiness and reliability. Early computer scientist Alan Kay said, “The best way to predict the future is to create it.” Therefore, all machine learning practitioners, whether scholars or engineers, professors or students, need to work together to advance these important research topics. Reinforcement learning is a sub-area of machine learning. Artificial intelligence and machine learning technology is increasingly finding its way into cybersecurity systems for both corporate systems and home security. Only about 53 percent of AI projects successfully make it from prototype to full production, according to Gartner research. 10 Emerging IT Trends To Watch Out For In 2020. In the past few decades, many different architectures of deep neural networks have been proposed, such as (1) convolutional neural networks, which are mostly used in image and video data processing, and have also been applied to sequential data such as text processing; (2) recurrent neural networks, which can process sequential data of variable length and have been widely used in natural language understanding and speech processing; (3) encoder-decoder framework, which is mostly used for image or sequence generation, such as machine translation, text summarization, and image captioning. In this case, the explainability of each module becomes crucial. Actually, some of the existing methods in machine learning are inspired by social machine learning. As we approach 2021, itâs a good time to take a â¦ The use of artificial intelligence and machine learning by market intermediaries . Meta learning is an emerging research direction in machine learning. Dual learning is a new learning paradigm, the basic idea of which is to use the primal-dual structure between machine learning tasks to obtain effective feedback/regularization, and guide and strengthen the learning process, thus reducing the requirement of large-scale labeled data for deep learning. Complex phenomena and systems are everywhere. These appearances also lead to heightened expectationsâsome technologists argue that type of intelligence in these systems is âassistedâ or âaugmentedâ rather than âartificialââbut recent advances in computing hâ¦ This is in part because AI is not one technology. After a year full â¦ The standard approach to building machine learning â¦ The idea of dual learning has been applied to many problems in machine learning, including machine translation, image style conversion, question answering and generation, image classification and generation, text classification and generation, image-to-text, and text-to-image. Discovering patterns and structures in large troves of data in an automated manner is a core component of data science, and currently drives applications in diverse areas such as computational biology, law and finance. Ideally, a machine gives the answer to a question and explains the reasoning process itself. Machine learning and other artificial intelligence solutions are at the top of Gartner's Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, 2016. For example, the mainstream machine learning technologies are black-box approaches, making us concerned about their potential risks. Schmidt and Lipson provided their practical insight on this: a meaningful conservation equation should be able to predict the dynamic relations between the subcomponents of a system. Such algorithms have been proposed in superconducting circuits and systems of trapped ions. By then, the system fully understands the environment. In the field of machine learning, can we reveal simple laws instead of designing more complex models for data fitting? That is, a meta learner needs to be able to evaluate its own learning methods and adjust its own learning methods according to specific learning tasks. Although its academic origins are traced to the 1950s, appearances in science fiction throughout the past century have helped embed AI into the mainstream consciousness. This article examines the following questions: What are the important concepts and key achievements regarding machine learning? By Tie-Yan Liu, Tao Qin, Bin Shao, Wei Chen, and Jiang Bian, Microsoft Research Asia. As we look forward to the future, here are what we think the research hotspots in the next ten years will be. However, they have very different assumptions of the world and take different approaches. With the rise of the Internet of Things and the widespread use of AI in mobile scenarios, the combination of machine learning and edge computing has become particularly important. In business, Gartner recommends the creation of external AI ethics boards to prevent AI dangers that could jeopardize a company’s brand, draw regulatory actions or “lead to boycotts or destroy business value.” Such a board, including representatives of a company’s customers, can provide guidance about the potential impact of AI development projects and improve transparency and accountability around AI projects. For example, machines will actively cooperate with other machines to collect information, overtake sub-tasks, and receive rewards, according to social mechanisms. Quantum algorithms have surpassed the best classical algorithms in several problems (e.g., searching for an unsorted database, inverting a sparse matrix), which we call quantum acceleration. The process seemingly resembles that of reinforcement learning. AI and machine learning technology can be employed to help identify threats, including variants of earlier threats. The pandemic has accelerated adoption of the concept, which is also known as “digital process automation” and “intelligent process automation.”. That includes the obvious misuse of AI for “deepfake” misinformation efforts and for cyberattacks. That’s all before delving into the even deeper questions about the potential use of AI in systems that could replace human workers altogether. The transition from black-box machine learning to explainable machine learning needs a systematic evolution and upgrade, from theory to algorithm to system implementation. Most machine learning techniques, especially the statistical ones, depend highly on data correlation to make predictions and analyses. To tackle this challenge, we may want to make machine learning more explainable and controllable. Dedicated quantum information processors, such as quantum annealers and programmable photonic circuits, are well suited for building deep quantum networks. Quantum machine learning is an emerging interdisciplinary research area at the intersection of quantum computing and machine learning. Deep learning has made breakthroughs in computer vision, speech processing and natural language, and reached or even surpassed human level. For other applications, everybody requires explanations, especially when they are part of the human-machine interface. Why will edge computing play an important role in this embedded computing paradigm of machine learning? (Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that utilizes neural network algorithms to learn from large volumes of data.). As we approach the end of a turbulent 2020, here’s a big-picture look at five key AI and machine learning trends– not just in the types of applications they are finding their way into, but also in how they are being developed and the ways they are being used. In a TDWI survey of 40â¦ Therefore, we should design machines with social properties. The quantum annealing device is a dedicated quantum information processor that is easier to build and expand than a general-purpose quantum computer; and examples are already in use, such as the D-Wave computer. Businesses and organizations are coming to understand that a robust AI engineering strategy will improve “the performance, scalability, interpretability and reliability of AI models” and deliver “the full value of AI investments,” according to Gartner’s list of Top Strategic Technology Trends for 2021. This article highlights three emerging areas within AI that are poised to redefine the fieldâand societyâin the years ahead. Machine learning models analyze and make decisions based on historical data. Besides the demands of industry and the society, it is the built-in ability and desire of the human brain to explain the rationale behind actions. However, it is not possible for many machines to explain their own answers because many algorithms use the Data-In, Model-Out paradigm; where the causality between the model output and its input data becomes untraceable, such that the model becomes a so-called magical black box. Data analytics involves collecting, cleansing, transforming and modelling data, in order to discover useful information. It is a cross-disciplinary research field that includes computer science, statistics, function approximation, optimization, control theory, decision theory, computational complexity, and experimentation. The formula measures the amount of uncertainty of the environment relative to the system. While we have developed successful machine learning algorithms, until now we have ignored one important fact: humans are social. Customized learning tasks: Edge computing enables different edge devices to take on learning tasks and models for which they are best designed. In recent years, one of the most promising unsupervised learning technologies, generative adversarial networks (GAN), has already been successfully applied to image, speech, and text. The quantum matrix inversion algorithm can accelerate many machine learning methods, such as least square linear regression, least square version of support vector machine, Gaussian process, and more. He is now a research engineer at Applied Machine Learning group, FutureWei Technologies Inc. (Huawei USA R&D Division), Bridgewater, New Jersey. 4.) Data availability: Just over 3 billion people are online with an estimated 17 billion connected devices or sensors. The use of AI/ML is increasingly intertwined with IoT. Distributed computation will speed up machine learning algorithms, significantly improve their efficiency, and thus enlarge their application. The demands of explainable machine learning come not only from the quest for advancement in technology, but also from many non-technical considerations including laws and regulations such as GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), which took effect in 2018. Machines need to be able to explain themselves to both experts and laypeople. Adversarial learning utilizes the adversarial behaviors (e.g., generating adversarial instances or training an adversarial model) to enhance the robustness of the model and improve the quality of the generated data. While the field is expanding very rapidly, each use of machine learning must be grounded in deep understanding of the subject domain. Machine learning, especially deep learning, evolves rapidly. 5-Day Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Applications in the Emerging Areas of Computer Science and Information Technology Conducted by National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka on 09-12-2019 to 13-12-2019. The training of these algorithms can be simplified to solve linear equations. Also, the study focuses only on COVIDâ19 positive cases: Matheus, Ramon, Viviana, and Leandro It is one of the core goals of explainable machine learning to transition from solving problems by data correlation to solving problems by logical reasoning. Machine learning, especially its subfield of Deep Learning, had many amazing advances in the recent years, and important research papers may lead to breakthroughs in technology that get used by billio ns of people. In such cases, the statistical accuracy rate cannot effectively measure the risk of a decision. Latest thesis topics in Machine Learning for research scholars: Choosing a research and thesis topics in Machine Learning is the first choice of masters and Doctorate scholars now a days. It is clearly difficult, but not impossible. Many quantum machine learning algorithms are based on variants of quantum algorithms for solving linear equations, which can efficiently solve N-variable linear equations with complexity of O(log2 N) under certain conditions. Artificial intelligence (AI) provides many opportunities to improve private and public life. This Specialization from leading researchers at the University of Washington introduces you to the exciting, high-demand field of Machine Learning. The key bottleneck of this type of quantum machine learning algorithms is data input—that is, how to initialize the quantum system with the entire data set. Sometimes, the reasoning behind a seemingly correct decision might be totally wrong. AI and machine learning have been hot buzzwords in 2020. Although data preparation is routinely a task handled by IT departments, new software tools that incorporate machine learning and analytics to automate data preparation, find new relationships, and learn about user preferences are on the rise. The conventional deep generative model has a potential problem: the model tends to generate extreme instances to maximize the probabilistic likelihood, which will hurt its performance. The current growth in AI and machine learning is tied to developments in three important areas: 1. Roughly speaking, meta learning concerns learning how to learn, and focuses on the understanding and adaptation of the learning itself, instead of just completing a specific learning task. Developers of cybersecurity systems are in a never-ending race to update their technology to keep pace with constantly evolving threats from malware, ransomware, DDS attacks and more. As we approach 2021, it’s a good time to take a look at five “big-picture” trends and issues around the growing use of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies. Data and business analytics provide valuable insights to aid in decision-making. In some applications federal regulation and legislation may be needed, as with the use of AI technology for law enforcement. Offered by University of Washington. Machine learning is quite hot at present. These new technologies have driven many new application domains. It tries to make full use of the available information, to infer the future from the past. Explainable machine learning is an important stepping stone to the deep integration of machine learning techniques and human society. The simplest deep quantum network is the Boltzmann machine. Specifically, it should be able to describe the relations between derivatives of variables over time. The rationality of doing so lies in that usually the source and target tasks have inter-correlations, and therefore either the features, samples, or models in the source task might provide useful information for us to better solve the target task. In this article, we review the emerging elements of high-throughput exptl. This is a quick and high-level overview of new AI & machine learning research trends across the most popular subtopics of NLP, conversational AI, computer vision, and reinforcement learningâ¦ The paper tries to answer the following question: since many invariant equations exist for a given experimental dataset, how do we identify the nontrivial relations? The astronomers are now leveraging the power of unsupervised machine learning to automate this task, which was previously done by thousands of volunteers. In quantum reinforcement learning, a quantum agent interacts with the classical environment to obtain rewards from the environment, so as to adjust and improve its behavioral strategies. Predictive learning consists of two core parts: building the world model and predicting the unknown. In some cases, it achieves quantum acceleration by the quantum processing capabilities of the agent or the possibility of exploring the environment through quantum superposition. Machine learning (ML) is the study of computer algorithms that improve automatically through experience. Each of us is one part of the total society and it is difficult for us to live, learn, and improve ourselves, alone and isolated. Being intelligent means improvising when unexpected events happen. Then, by initializing the input neurons in the Boltzmann machine to a fixed state and allowing the system to heat up, we can read out the output qubits to get the result. Through a series of practical case studies, you will gain applied experience in major areas of Machine Learning including Prediction, Classification, Clustering, and Information Retrieval. The success of deep learning is mainly due to the three factors: big data, big model, and big computing. Earlier this year as protests against racial injustice were at their peak, several leading IT vendors, including Microsoft, IBM and Amazon, announced that they would limit the use of their AI-based facial recognition technology by police departments until there are federal laws regulating the technology’s use, according to a Washington Post story. Reinforcement learning investigates how agents adjust their behavior to get more rewards. While there has been much progress in machine learning, there are also challenges. An intriguing question is: are there universal intrinsic equality rules in nature? In other words, improvisational learning acquires knowledge and problem-solving abilities via proactive observations and interactions. It is also used to determine where improvements can be made in the areas of the quality of patient care and outcomes, patient safety, and waste reduction. Of the many technologies that are on the horizon, perhaps none has as much history as artificial intelligence. ... machine learning is already emerging in certain areas. In this formula, K is the knowledge the system currently has and E is the information (negative entropy) of the environment. When quantum computing meets machine learning, it can be a mutually beneficial and reinforcing process, as it allows us to take advantage of quantum computing to improve the performance of classical machine learning algorithms. His current research interests are in the areas of machine learning, artificial intelligence, network optimization and wireless communications. 1.5 Machine learning, statistics, data science, robotics, and AI 24 1.6 Origins and evolution of machine learning 25 1.7 Canonical problems in machine learning 29 Chapter two â Emerging applications of machine learning 33 2.1 Potential near-term applications in the public and private sectors 34 2.2 Machine learning in research 41 EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES & ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Our lawyers work collaboratively with software developers of new technologies in emerging areas such as Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data, Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality. That has put the spotlight on a range of ethical questions around the increasing use of artificial intelligence technology. Here, we use conditional entropy for a rough description and explanation of the process. Intelligent machines and intelligent software rely on algorithms that can reason about observed data to make predictions or decisions that are useful. AI and machine learning are key components – and major drivers – of hyperautomation (along with other technologies like robot process automation tools). AI, machine learning and deep learning, for example, are already being employed to make IoT devices and services smarter and more secure. Inspecting them thoroughly, we come to a surprising conclusion: many seemingly complex natural phenomena are governed by simple and elegant mathematical laws such as partial differential equations. Machine learning algorithms are used in a wide variety of applications, such as email filtering and computer vision, where it is difficult or infeasible to develop conventional algorithms tâ¦ In addition, we can also use the machine learning algorithms (on classic computers) to analyze and improve quantum computing systems. As another example, the computational complexity of machine learning algorithms is usually very high and we may want to invent lightweight algorithms or implementations. Explainable machine learning stems from practical demands and will continue to evolve as more needs come out. At the same time, machines will summarize the experiences, increase their knowledge, and learn from others to improve their behavior. Researchers have been exploring all kinds of possibilities based on the insight given by Noether. For a large machine learning system, the explainability of the whole depends on the explainability of its parts. We help organizations and individuals understand the legal and compliance risks arising from the creation and deployment of AI â¦ Finally, what kind of future trends for machine learning technologies can we anticipate? Through AI, machine learning, robotics, and advanced analytics, firms are augmenting knowledge-intensive areas such as supply chain planning, â¦ 5 Emerging AI And Machine Learning Trends To Watch In 2021. In its Foresight 2021 report, research and advisory firm Lux Research examines the top emerging technologies to watch next year. The insightful Noether’s theorem, discovered by German mathematician Emmy Noether, states that a continuous symmetry property implies a conservation law. This profound theorem provides important theoretical guidance on the discovery of conservation laws, especially for physical systems. Improvisational learning learns from positive and negative feedback by observing the environment and interacting with it. But the benefits flow both ways given that AI and ML require large volumes of data to operate successfully – exactly what networks of IoT sensors and devices provide. Based on the conserved quantities of natural phenomena, the method distills natural laws from experimental data by using evolutionary algorithms. Such systems rely on machine learning and artificial intelligence, combining computation, data, models, and algorithms. To be improvisational, a learning system must not be optimized for preset static goals. Predictive learning comes from unsupervised learning, focusing on the ability of predicting into the future. For example, knowledge distillation, which is described as the most simplified influence among machines, may potentially model the way humans receive knowledge; model average, model ensemble, and voting in distributed machine learning are simple social decision-making mechanisms. A certain kind of equality must exist in any equation. The ultimate goal of AI, most of us affirm, is to build machines capable of performing â¦ Network science, in particular dynamic link analysis, is a rapidly developing area related to data mining that is emerging as a distinct, multidisciplinary field. When distributed meets machine learning, more than just implementing the machine learning algorithms in parallel is required. Technological innovation is a fundamental power behind economic growth. These new technologies have driven many new application domains. Eventually, the conditional entropy goes to zero and the negative entropy flow stops. Schmidt and Lipson proposed an automatic natural law discovery method in their Science 2009 paper. The difference comes from the fact that improvisational learning does not have a fixed optimization goal, while reinforcement learning requires one. Although there are many challenges, we are still very optimistic about the future of machine learning. Distilling a generally-accepted definition of what qualifies as artificial intelligence (AI) has become a revived topic of debate in recent times. However, we are still in the very early stage in terms of explaining why those effective models work and how they work. The requirements of explainability can be very different for different applications. We do not know. Quantum computers use effects such as quantum coherence and quantum entanglement to process information, which is fundamentally different from classical computers. FireEye Buys Cybersecurity Automation Firm Respond Software For $186M, The 10 Coolest New DevOps Startups Of 2020, 10 Future Cloud Computing Trends To Watch In 2021, Juniper, Mist Partner Program Revamp Signals ‘Bold’ Channel Moves, Says Gordon Mackintosh. Before we discuss that, we will first provide a brief introduction to a few important machine learning technologies, such as deep learning, reinforcement learning, adversarial learning, dual learning, transfer learning, distributed learning, and meta learning. In fact, many physical equations are based on conservation laws, such as the Schrödinger equation, which describes a quantum system based on the energy conservation law. In recent years, researchers have developed and applied new machine learning technologies. Revenue generated by AI hardware, software and services is expected to reach $156.5 billion worldwide this year, according to market researcher IDC, up 12.3 percent from 2019. Hyperautomation, an IT mega-trend identified by market research firm Gartner, is the idea that most anything within an organization that can be automated – such as legacy business processes – should be automated. IT channel news with the solution provider perspective you know and trust sent to your inbox. Artificial Intelligence and machine learning have been hot topics in 2020 as AI and ML technologies increasingly find their way into everything from advanced quantum computing systems and leading-edge medical diagnostic systems to consumer electronics and “smart” personal assistants. Any technique works only to a certain degree within a certain application range and the same is true for explainable machine learning. AlphaGo’s victory was a major milestone in artificial intelligence and it has also made reinforcement learning a hot research area in the field of machine learning. It is seen as a subset of artificial intelligence. Some have rebranded AI as âcognitive computingâ or âmachine intelligenceâ, while others incorrectly interchange AI with âmachine learningâ. Beyond collecting and processing data by using existing machine learning algorithms, machines participate in social interactions. Sometimes, the explanations aimed at experts are good enough, especially when they are used only for the security review of a technique. Intuitively, the system conducts constant self-driven improvements instead of being optimized via the gradients toward a preset goal. (An example is the development of recommendation systems, as described in Fig. An adaptive deep reinforcement learning framework enables curling robots with human-like performance in real-world conditions, Enabling linear acceleration and lossless performance for large-scale deep learning training, a BMUF-based Adam optimizer parallelization practice, ACL 2020丨MuTual: A Dataset for Multi-Turn Dialogue Reasoning, Microsoft and Tsinghua University jointly propose the DeepRSM model to help control air pollution with AI, Programming languages & software engineering, Machine Learning: Research hotspots in the next ten years. The ability gap between machine and human on many complex cognitive tasks becomes narrower and narrower. The goal of transfer learning is to transfer the model or knowledge obtained from a source task to the target task, in order to resolve the issues of insufficient training data in the target task. In recent years, researchers have developed and applied new machine learning technologies. We take a look at some of the biggest trends to follow this year across cloud, data center, networking and mobility. In an industrial setting, for example, IoT networks throughout a manufacturing plant can collect operational and performance data, which is then analyzed by AI systems to improve production system performance, boost efficiency and predict when machines will require maintenance. The research in this field is developing very quickly and to help our readers monitor the progress we present the list of most important recent scientific papers published since 2014. To cope up with the upcoming emerging industrial demands, the technical institutes are ... Learning optimization and inference algorithms for model learning But it also includes grayer areas such as the use of AI by governments and law enforcement organizations for surveillance and related activities and the use of AI by businesses for marketing and customer relationship applications. Before machines can explain their own answers, they can provide a certain level of explainability via human reviews and retracing the problem-solving steps. A December 2019 Forbes article said the first step here is asking the necessary questions – and we’ve begun to do that. Domain areas: Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things (IoT) (Applications and Platforms), Machine Learning, Cloud Computing, Data Mining, Data Visualisation and Coding. Since humans are social, social machine learning will be a promising direction to enhance artificial intelligence. Due to their lack of common sense, machines may make basic mistakes that humans would not when facing unseen or rare events. Security: Edge devices can guarantee the security of the sensitive data collected. Among these innovations, the most important is what economists label “general technology,” such as the steam engine, internal combustion engine, and electric power. Automated business processes must be able to adapt to changing circumstances and respond to unexpected situations. To be successful hyperautomation initiatives cannot rely on static packaged software. AI use in home security systems today is largely limited to systems integrated with consumer video cameras and intruder alarm systems integrated with a voice assistant, according to research firm IHS Markit. What are the key skills that machine learning practitioners should have? Receive notification when applications open for lists and awards. At the same time, edge computing can decentralize intelligent edge devices and reduce the risk of DDoS attacks affecting the entire network. Since improvisational learning is not driven by the gradient derived from a fixed optimization goal, what is the learning driven by? Customers are looking to move beyond standard business intelligence reports and dashboards and want to perform more self-service data discovery and analytics. The idea of social is constituted of billions of humans and thus social machine learning should also be a multi-agent system with individual machines. As the system learns more about the environment, negative entropy flows from the environment to the system and the uncertainty about the environment decreases. Due to its generality, the problem has also been studied in many other disciplines, such as game theory, control theory, operations research, information theory, multi-agent systems, swarm intelligence, statistics, and genetic algorithms. Based on multi-layer nonlinear neural networks, deep learning can learn directly from raw data, automatically extract and abstract features from layer to layer, and then achieve the goal of regression, classification, or ranking. It is nearly impossible to give a rigorous mathematical answer to this question. Stephen Wolfram, the creator of Mathematica, computer scientist, and physicist, makes the following observation: “It turns out that almost all the traditional mathematical models that have been used in physics and other areas of science are ultimately based on partial differential equations.”. The improvisational learning approach discussed here shares similar goals with the predictive learning advocated by Yann LeCun. Furthermore, in many domains such as physics, chemistry, biology, and social sciences, people usually seek elegantly simple equations (e.g., the Schrödinger equation) to uncover the underlying laws behind various phenomena. Machine learning is not new. AI and machine learning have been hot buzzwords in 2020. Using predictive analytics and machine learning, the company claims the data can be used to measure processes and results. AI engineering incorporates elements of DataOps, ModelOps and DevOps and makes AI a part of the mainstream DevOps process, rather than a set of specialized and isolated projects, according to Gartner. Over the next decade, the biggest generator of data is expected to be devices which sense and control the physical world. In an ideal environment, edge computing refers to analyzing and processing data near the data generation source, to decrease the flow of data and thereby reduce network traffic and response time. Although efficient data-input algorithms exist for certain situations, how to efficiently input data into a quantum system is as yet unknown for most cases. Can we let machines evolve by imitating human society so as to achieve more effective, intelligent, interpretable “social machine learning”? Multi-agent collaboration: Edge devices can also model multi-agent scenarios, helping to train multi-intelligent collaborative reinforcement learning models. The classical Boltzmann machine consists of bits with tunable interactions and is trained by adjusting the interaction of these bits so that the distribution of its expression conforms to the statistics of the data.