16 cm (6") Common. Two narrow white wing-bands. eastern America. The Eastern Wood-Pewee and the Western Wood-Pewee are the most common and have the largest ranges. Empidonax flycatchers are smaller and usually have noticeable eye ring. Notes: Looks nearly identical to eastern wood-pewee. Whitish throat and a dark bill with yellow at the base of … The eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) … Declines for some other areas at the edge of Eastern Wood-Pewee’s range were also high (Canada -4.4% and Florida [95% confidence interval -12.4 to +1.6%]; Sauer et al. During the winter months, this species will migrate to central South America for warmer climates. As climate change disrupts forest health in the wood-pewee’s current range, movement to new areas to the north and east seems possible. Olive grey upperparts and lighter underparts. Western Wood Pewee (Contopus sordidulus) is a species of bird in the Tyrannidae family. Habitat. The overall winter range of the Eastern Wood-Pewee in Brazil is shown as western Amazonia with a few scattered locations in other parts of the country (van Perlo 2009). There is very little range overlap, and they apparently don't interbreed, so it is interesting that they are practically indistinguishable (mainly differences in their songs). The young are fed insects. It catches insects in flight. It has a grey head with a slight crest and no eye-ring. Range and Habitat Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. Habitat in Breeding Range. adult. Western wood pewee birds breed once a year; Breeding season Breeding occurs May to mid July. Similar to: Eastern Wood-Pewee. Declines have been attributed to loss and degradation of habitat on both the breeding grounds and the wintering grounds. The bird is mainly mid gray above, and light gray below. Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus. The tail is slightly notched. The Greater Pewee, as the name indicates, is the largest pewee member of the pewee family and is … Two subspecies of Western Wood-Pewee are found in Washington, divided by the Cascade Mountains. Western Wood-Pewee has obvious wing-bars; Dark Pewee has darker underparts. The Western Wood-Pewee is a very plain gray bird with few distinguishing marks, and is often only safely identified from similar Flycatchers by it's voice and range. Average differences listed below, but plumage somewhat variable. 6 1/2" (17 cm). The breeding ranges of the eastern and western wood-pewee overlap in a small region in the American Great Plains, but the two species do not appear to interbreed. Evaluating structural characteristics and distribution of each ecological system relative to the species' range and habitat requirements; Approximate Hatch Weights: Order: Passeriformes Family: Tyrannidae Common Name: Tyrant Flycatchers Region: Western Chick Type: Altricial Down: Sparse white down Skin Color: Pink Bill: Straight and pink to black Foot Type: Anisodactyl Gape: Yellow Gape Flanges: Yellow Iris: Dark brown Similar to: Greater Pewee. Learn more. In the field, the Eastern Wood-pewee is virtually indistinguishable in appearance from the Western Wood-pewee (C. sordidulus), which has a darker and browner chest and sides and has no tinge of green on the chest (McCarty 1996). nw NA.) The Western Wood-Pewee is a small flycatcher that looks much like the Eastern Wood-Pewee; these two species were once considered to be the same bird. Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens) of eastern United States extremely similar, but generally less dark below; the two species are best distinguished by voice. Feeds on insects, spiders and berries. Subspecific information 4 subspecies. Migration Overview. There are three types of pewees native to North America. The Western Wood-Pewee is a flycatcher with small crest on the head. Description: Plumage variable; dusky gray-brown above, olive-gray on breast and sides. The lower mandible is yellow-orange tipped with black. Timing and Routes of Migration. Movements and Migration. Whether and to what extent the two forms intergrade where their ranges meet does not seem to have been satisfactorily determined. Quiet and solitary. Dusky sparrow-sized flycatcher without an eye ring. Spring: May 6, 6, 7 <<<>>> summer Western Wood-pewee - Contopus sordidulusThe Western Wood-Pewee is a very plain gray bird with few distinguishing marks, and is often only safely identified from similar Flycatchers by it's voice and range. Often found perched on dead branches in the mid-canopy where it searches for flying insects. In each of these areas, except possibly the western Loup Drainage, both wood-pewee species occur together. The Western Wood Pewee (Contopus sordidulus) is a small tyrant flycatcher.Adults are gray-olive on the upperparts with light underparts, washed with olive on the breast. Global range of the Eastern Wood-pewee. Dead migratory birds -- which include species such as warblers, bluebirds, sparrows, blackbirds, the western wood pewee and flycatchers -- are also being found in Colorado, Texas and Mexico. Migratory Behavior. The sides of the breast and belly are grayish with a pale center. But its range is parapatric to the west of the eastern wood pewee and its song—a descending tsee-tsee-tsee-peeer—is entirely different. The bill is dark, as are the legs and feet. Greater Pewee has a crest, indistinct wingbars; Western Wood-Pewees does have a crest and has distinct wingbars. Western Wood-Pewee Overview Western Wood-Pewee: Medium-sized flycatcher with dull olive-gray upperparts and pale olive-gray underparts. The western wood pewee (C. sordidulus) is essentially indistinguishable visually. A sparrow-sized flycatcher, dull olive-gray above, slightly paler below, with 2 whitish wing bars. Head has darker cap and slight crest. Range. Western Wood-Pewee, Western Wood Pewee, Western Pewee, Large-billed Wood Pewee, Short-legged Pewee, Western Wood-pewee The eastern equivalent, the Eastern Wood-Pewee, looks almost exactly alike. This map depicts the range boundary, defined as the areas where the species is estimated to occur at a rate of 5% or more for at least one week within each season. A sparrow-sized flycatcher, dull olive-gray above, slightly paler below, with 2 whitish wing bars. This species is extremely similar to the western wood pewee and is best identified by range and voice. The bird perches with a fairly upright stance, and often flies off to catch an insect before returning to same perch. Range eggs per season 2 to 4; Range fledging age 14 to 18 days; The young are tended by both parents, but the female is usually at the nest the most during the first 4 days. Description identification. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Changes Since 2000: Western Wood-Pewee has extended its range eastward, mainly in three areas, the Niobrara River Valley, western Loup Drainage, and especially the North Platte River Valley. Weak fluttering flight with shallow rapid wing beats. 2005). The bird itself is usually somewhere in the leafy middle story of the trees, perched on a bare twig, darting out to catch passing insects. Occurrence. Open woodlands, river groves. 6 1/2" (17 cm). Nearly identical to Eastern Wood-pewee; best told in field by range and voice. Title Western Wood-Pewee Range - CWHR B311 [ds1556] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. The trend for Texas is disturbing, suggesting the 2004 population is about 10% of the 1966 population in this state. Audubon's climate model forecasts a 74 percent loss of current summer range by 2090, mostly showing contraction, but offering some potential expansion to the north. The Western Wood-Pewee is mostly gray with a crested head and two vague whitish wing bars. Difficult to distinguish by appearance, but there is little overlap of range. Geographic range. While in general this species is widespread and abundant, populations are declining in many areas. Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus Range map Data provided by eBird. The Western Wood-Pewee is a cute little tyrant flycatcher and similar in appearance to its eastern counterpart. Adult: extremely similar to eastern wood-pewee, with long wings that extend one-third of the way down the tail. Western Wood-pewee are seen wherever there are clearings or groves of deciduous trees along the river valleys (Davis 1961). The wings are dark with two white bars. Western Wood-Pewee is a small flycatcher, dark grayish brown above and whitish below, very similar in appearance to its close relative the Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens). Read More Distinction is made by range and vocalizations. Preferred breeding sights are found in open wooded areas throughout western North America. ... Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus), version 1.0. They have two wing bars and a dark bill with yellow at the base of the lower mandible. The eastern equivalent, the Eastern Wood-Pewee, looks almost exactly alike. Both species forage by sallying out from a perch near the tip of a branch to catch flying insects. The overwintering distribution of the Eastern Wood-Pewee in Central America is generally given Conspicuously sitting on the tip of an open branch or the top of a dead tree, this flycatcher is an integral part of riparian habitats and open pine-oak woodlands throughout the west. Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens Identification challenge: Eastern vs. Western Wood Pewee These two species are so closely-related and so similar that they remain one of the most challenging field identification problems in North America. The western wood pewee enjoys a wide distribution, as a summer resident, over the western half of this country, as the eastern bird does over the eastern half. Contopus sordidulus sordidulus (s, sw Mexico to Honduras) Contopus sordidulus saturatus (se Alaska to w Oregon. Habitat in Nonbreeding Range. Western North America. It forages at forest edges and in semi-open habitats where it perches high on exposed branches. Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus) of western United States extremely similar, but generally darker below; the two species are best distinguished by voice. The nest is a deep cup placed toward the tip of a high branch, and it is made of lichens and plant fibers tied together with spider webbing. 6-6½” Voice: A harsh, slightly descending peeer and clear whistles pee-yer. western America, and is very similar to the Eastern Wood-pewee, which is common across (surprise!) The Western Wood-pewee is a common bird across (surprise!) Song: descending nasal call "peeer". The wings have gray flight feathers with whitish wing bars. Empidonax flycatchers are smaller and usually have noticeable eye ring. 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