[22] It is used as a spice or condiment in pastas, salads and dressings, and desserts. They have been valued for centuries for their physical beauty, soothing fragrance, healing properties, and multitude of uses. It also has antiseptic properties and is useful against putrefactive bacteria in the intestines. Lavender is a well known and fragrant plant with gray-green foliage, upright flower spikes, and a compact shrub form. Dried lavender flowers can be added to potpourri blends, used as a cooking or baking spice, and incorporated into body care recipes. The corolla is also tubular, usually with five lobes (the upper lip often cleft, and the lower lip has two clefts).[6][7]. Despite dozens of preliminary clinical studies on the potential for lavender oil or other lavender plant components to affect human diseases, there are no confirmed anti-disease or health effects as of 2018, mainly due to the poor quality of study design and conduct. Picture. [9], Lavandula has three subgenera:[citation needed], In addition, there are numerous hybrids and cultivars in commercial and horticultural usage.[6]. The English word lavender is generally thought to be derived from Old French lavandre, ultimately from the Latin lavare (to wash), referring to the use of infusions of the plants. Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas), sometimes known as French lavender, is the least hardy and most heat-tolerant of the lavender species. Leaf Arrangement Width: About 3 feet. [38], The German scientific committee on traditional medicine, Commission E, reported uses of lavender flower in practices of herbalism, including its use for restlessness or insomnia, Roehmheld's syndrome, intestinal discomfort, and cardiovascular diseases, among others. [20] The essential oil was used in hospitals during World War I. Subgenus Sabaudia (Buscal. Common Name. However it is suggested that this explanation may be apocryphal, and that the name may be derived from Latin livere, "blueish".[11]. Most lavender plants are blue or purple, but there are some varieties that come in pink and yellow. The oil extract of the lavender is commercially employed as a flavor for food items like candy, all kinds of baked goods, to flavor chewing gum, in various gelatins, in puddings, and to enhance the taste of various beverages and drinks. 6d.) You’ll find everything from common favorites like roses and tulips, to exotic plants and flowers.Find the flower names below, along with a brief description, a photo and some guidance for those of you who are interested in gardening. [22], Lavender was not used in traditional southern French cooking at the turn of the 20th century. [19], The US Food and Drug Administration considers lavender as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for human consumption. Corollas a light lavender blue, sterile bracts a slightly deeper color. Lavandula stoechas, L. pedunculata and L. dentata were known in Roman times. Flower spikes are used for dried flower arrangements. Despite its use over centuries in traditional medicine and cosmetics, there is no high-quality clinical evidence that lavender has any effects on diseases or improves health. They can also be used to make a tea that is milder than teas made with the flowers. A heavy bloomer with plump yet tight flower heads, its compact size makes it useful as an edging plant along paths, in rock gardens or mixed with other taller Lavender cultivars. Within the Fabricia clade, the subclades correspond to Pterostoechas, Subnudae, and Chaetostachys. Upson & S. Andrews, Flower of cultivated lavender; Lavandula stoechas, 'By the Greeks the name Nardus is given to Lavender, from Naarda, a city of Syria near the Euphrates, and many persons call the plant "Nard." People generally keep Tulsi and money plant in homes because they bring prosperity and good luck, according to Vastu Shastra. The oil is restorative and tonic against faintness, palpitations of a nervous sort, weak giddiness, spasms and colic. HISTORY OF LAVENDER OIL. Check out this video to learn how to plant lavender: It was formerly believed that the asp, a dangerous kind of viper, made Lavender its habitual place of abode, so that the plant had to be approached with great caution. [4][5], The genus includes annual or short-lived herbaceous perennial plants, and shrub-like perennials, subshrubs or small shrubs. It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India. [31] Dried lavender flowers may be used for wedding confetti. The origin of most of these quotes comes from Dr. William Thomas Fernie, in his book "Herbal Simples" (Bristol Pub., second edition, 1897), Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Outdoor flowering plants - mona lavender", Pasta With Shredded Vegetables and Lavender, "Cooking with Lavender - Purple Haze Lavender (Sequim, WA)", "Lavender Marshmallows - Havoc In The Kitchen", "Expanded Commission E monograph: Lavender flower", "More evidence essential oils 'make male breasts develop, "Evaluation of phototoxic properties of fragrances", Upson T, Andrews S. The Genus Lavandula. The term “gourmet’s delight” is deserved by the honey derived from lavender flowers which is used as a sweetening agent. Lavender is used in savory dishes, giving stews and reduced sauces aromatic flair. He only recognised five species in Species Plantarum (1753), L. multifida and L. dentata (Spain) and L. stoechas and L. spica from Southern Europe. There were four species within Stoechas (Lavandula stoechas, L. dentata, L. viridis and L. pedunculata) while Spica had three (L. officinalis (now L. angustifolia), L. latifolia and L. lanata). Gravelly materials such as crushed rocks give better results. By 1826 Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz listed 12 species in three sections, and by 1848 eighteen species were known. Aconitum aka: aconite monkshood wolfsbane leopard's bane [25], For most cooking applications the dried buds, which are also referred to as flowers, are used. Chefs note to reduce by two-thirds the dry amount in recipes which call for fresh lavender buds. Plant Description:-Crown flower or Madar plant is a large shrub growing at the height of 4 m tall. The six sections she proposed for 28 species still left many intermediates that could not easily be assigned. the pound. [6], Flowers are borne in whorls, held on spikes rising above the foliage, the spikes being branched in some species. Lavender is also used as herbal filler inside sachets used to freshen linens. This is based on the classification of Upson and Andrews, 2004. Dishes used as desert including puddings, ice cream, jellies and fruit, particularly berries can be flavored with the blossoms of the lavender. Nectar from lavender plants are used to make high quality honey. Chronic headaches can be eased by massaging or rubbing the forehead and temples with a few drops of the volatile oil. [30], The flowers yield abundant nectar, from which bees make a high-quality honey. Lavender water made from the essential oil is used in therapeutic baths to reduce nervous excitement and as a perfume. Human translations with examples: તેલ, અમલા, આદુ તેલ, સરવ તેલ, તેલ નામો, ઘઉં થૂલું, જૈતૂન તેલ, લવંડર તેલ, jetun તેલ. A taxonomic study of the genus Lavandula. It is also used to make "lavender sugar".[25]. Thus the current classification includes 39 species distributed across 8 sections (the original 6 of Chaytor and the two new sections of Upson and Andrews), in three subgenera (see table below). Whether you’re using it as a garnish or a main ingredient, lavender lends a subtle floral flavor to sweet or savory dishes. Also called Fringed Lavender, this evergreen shrub is native to Eastern and Southern Spain and derives its name from the toothed (dentate) leaves which have a richly, aromatic lavender-rosemary scent. It provokes women's courses, and expels the dead child and afterbirth. [26], The potency of the lavender flowers increases with drying which necessitates more sparing use to avoid a heavy, soapy aftertaste. The lavender herbal remedy boosts a flagging appetite, enabling the person to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients from the diet. Leaves are pale or grayish green, oval in shape and sized 5-6 inches long and 2.5-4 inches wide, flowers are in clusters of waxy white or lavender in color. Plants typically reach between 1 and 3 feet in height. The first major clade corresponds to subgenus Lavandula, and the second Fabricia. It was also commonly called nard. [4] Lavandula × intermedia, also known as lavandin or Dutch lavender, yields a similar essential oil, but with higher levels of terpenes including camphor, which add a sharper overtone to the fragrance. Lavenders aromatic properties make it useful in pharmacy to add to lotions and creams. The volatile oils in the lavender are a powerful antiseptic, and have been shown to have a good effect against pathogenic bacteria such as the strains responsible for diseases like diphtheria and typhoid. Nice blue-green foliage. A decoction of the leaves is a useful remedy for stomach problem, nausea and vomiting and also toothache. Flowers always have a very special place in our lives. [5], A 2007 study examined the relationship between various fragrances and photosensitivity, stating that lavender is known "to elicit cutaneous photo-toxic reactions", but does not induce photohaemolysis. [16] It grows best in soils with a pH between 6 and 8. Common sea-lavender grows in muddy, salty pools or saltmarshes along the coast. The latter was subsequently transferred to Anisochilus. Add mulch (rock or pea gravel work particularly well) to keep weeds to a minimum. Monofloral honey is produced primarily around the Mediterranean, and is marketed worldwide as a premium product. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2004, United States Department of Agriculture GRIN: Lavandula, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lavandula&oldid=991308611, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. Flowers Name in Hindi & English : 100+ फूलों के नाम हिंदी में:- कमल का फूल, गुलाब का फूल, अपराजिता का फूल, अबोली का फूल, अमलतास का फूल, गेंदा का फूल Within the Lavandula clade, the subclades correspond to the existing sections, but place Dentatae separately from Stoechas, not within it. In France, it is a regular thing for most households to keep a bottle of Essence of Lavender as a domestic remedy against bruises, bites and trivial aches and pains, both external and internal. [5] NIH does not recommend the use of lavender while pregnant or breast-feeding because of lack of knowledge of its effects. A distilled water made from Lavender has been used as a gargle and for hoarseness and loss of voice. [22][27], Lavender buds can amplify both sweet and savory flavors in dishes, and are sometimes paired with sheep's-milk and goat's-milk cheeses. [14], Lavenders flourish best in dry, well-drained, sandy or gravelly soils in full sun. The beautiful and graceful appearing lavender spikes are a good addition to fresh floral arrangements sold in floral shops. This Lavender or Nardus was called Asarum by the Romans, because it was not used in garlands or chaplets. Lavender … [22], In the 1970s, a blend of herbs called herbes de Provence was invented by spice wholesalers. Subgenus Fabricia (Adams.) In Pliny's time, blossoms of the Nardus sold for a hundred Roman denarii (or L.3 2s. It does not appear at all in the best-known compendium of Provençal cooking, J.-B. Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) – The wisteria plant produces lavender colored flowers that hang from a vine. Other commonly grown ornamental species are L. stoechas, L. dentata, and L. multifida (Egyptian lavender). Business listings of Medicinal Plant manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Ahmedabad, औषधीय पौधा विक्रेता, अहमदाबाद, Gujarat along with their contact details & address. Lavender, (genus Lavandula), genus of about 30 species of the mint family (), native to countries bordering the Mediterranean.Lavender species are common in herb gardens for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. The herbal remedy made from the lavender is also very useful in alleviating depression and related mental disorders. By 1790, L. pinnata and L. carnosa were recognised. The lavandins Lavandula × intermedia are a class of hybrids of L. angustifolia and L. Her sections included Stoechas, Spica, Subnudae, Pterostoechas, Chaetostachys and Dentatae. [18] The lavandins are widely cultivated for commercial use, since their flowers tend to be bigger than those of English lavender and the plants tend to be easier to harvest, but lavandin oil is regarded by some to be of a lower quality than that of English lavender, with a perfume less sweet. Names of colours (colors) in Malayalam from English are provided in the list below. Anxiety: 80-160 mg of a specific lavender oil ingredient (Silexan, Dr Willmar Schwabe GmbH & Co. KG) has been taken daily for 6-10 weeks. Lavender Flower Meaning Lavender flowers are spike-like flowers composed of multiple, small purple flowers or “florets” on long narrow stems. [15], Some 100 individual phytochemicals have been extracted from lavender oil, including major contents of linalyl acetate (30-55%), linalool (20-35%), tannins (5-10%), and caryophyllene (8%), with lesser amounts of sesquiterpenoids, perillyl alcohols, esters, oxides, ketones, cineole, camphor, beta-ocimene, limonene, caproic acid, and caryophyllene oxide. In the United States, both lavender syrup and dried lavender buds are used to make lavender scones and marshmallows. [12] The name "French lavender" may refer to either L. stoechas or to L. dentata. They are simple in some commonly cultivated species; in other species, they are pinnately toothed, or pinnate, sometimes multiple pinnate and dissected. A few drops of the essence of Lavender in a hot footbath have a marked influence in relieving fatigue. She believed that the garden varieties were hybrids between true lavender L. angustifolia and spike lavender (L. latifolia). Names and pictures of all flowers. In the garden, lavender makes an excellent companion plant for almost anything from roses to cabbage.It is one of those aromatic, gray herbs that deer avoid, making it a great choice as a decoy in your Hosta or daylily beds. However all the major cultivated and commercial forms resided in the Stoechas and Spica sections. [4][5], Lavender oil has been studied by preliminary research for its possible effect in alleviating anxiety and sleep disturbances,[37] but no conclusions about the effects on anxiety were possible. The flowers may be blue, violet or lilac in the wild species, occasionally blackish purple or yellowish. Human translations with examples: ಡೈರೆ ಹೂವ, ಒಂದು ಹೂವು, hypericum, ರೋಸ್ ಹೂವು, dere ಹೂವಿನ, jaji ಹೂವಿನ, ಕಳ್ಳಿ ಹೂವು. 1937, The alternative derivation of the name lavender from Latin, Carr, G.W, Yugovic, J.V and Robinson, K.E.. 'Environmental Weed Invasions in Victoria – conservation and management implications' 1992 Pub: Department of Conservation and Environment and Ecological Horticulture, Victoria, Australia, Csurches S., Edwards R.; National Weeds Program, Potential Environmental Weeds in Australia, Candidate Species for Preventative Control; Queensland Department of Natural Resources. Just remember that a little goes a long way! Some species produce coloured bracts at the apices. Lavender is a shrub which grows 2 to 3 feet high with green leaves and purple-blue flowers borne on long spikes. We’ve pulled together a list of 150+ flower and plant types, along with pictures of each one and details on the best way to plant them. L. pedunculata was included within L. stoechas. For example, in Australia, Lavandula stoechas has become a cause for concern; it occurs widely throughout the continent, and has been declared a noxious weed in Victoria since 1920. 1400)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:21. Lavender oil is found effective in paralyzed limbs, sprains and stiff joints. For the color, see, Chaytor D A. Purple flowers appear in terminal spikes in late spring to early summer. The lavender comes in many varieties, which also includes a dwarf variety of the plant. Narrow, gray-green leaves (to 2 1/2” long) on square stems. Cultivars of this species tend to be compact in habit and have grayish green narrow leaves and relatively short compact flower spikes. [6], During Roman times, flowers were sold for 100 denarii per pound, which was about the same as a month's wages for a farm laborer, or fifty haircuts from the local barber. There are numerous uses due to its unique beauty and lovely floral scent. Lavandula angustifolia, also called True Lavender or Common Lavender has long been cultivated for its high quality lavender oil. [3] The most widely cultivated species, Lavandula angustifolia, is often referred to as lavender, and there is a color named for the shade of the flowers of this species. latifolia. It usually is identified in the literature with its synonyms, Chrysanthemum parthenium and Pyrethrum parthenium Scientific Name. The most common form in cultivation is the common or English lavender Lavandula angustifolia (formerly named L. officinalis). [2], Many members of the genus are cultivated extensively in temperate climates as ornamental plants for garden and landscape use, for use as culinary herbs, and also commercially for the extraction of essential oils. According to Richo Cech in one of my all-time favorite books, Making Plant Medicine, some uses for lavender tincture include rubbing on your temples for headache or insomnia, applying directly to your scalp and brushes/combs to discourage lice, and diluted with water (30 drops in a 1/2 cup of water) to treat skin sores and infections.